History | Issue | Premium | Dec 10 2019

How Charlie Mitchell gave legendary John L. Sullivan one of the most difficult fights of his career

Charlie Mitchell used brain over brawn against John L. Sullivan
Charles Mitchell

THE iconic world heavyweight champion John L. Sullivan was a man to whom the idea of giving up was anathema. Yet one damp, windy day in Chantilly, France, after more than three hours of hard, futile slogging in the rain, “The Boston Strong Boy” was forced to admit that there was no point in carrying on. A draw was the best he could hope for that day. His opponent, a British boxer who did not even belong in Sullivan’s weight class, had given the champ a boxing lesson, albeit in a style utterly at odds with Sullivan’s own masculine code. Charlie Mitchell, whom Sullivan scornfully dubbed “The Sprinter”, had used brain over brawn.

Mitchell was born in Birmingham on November 24, 1861. Well-muscled with dazzlingly fast feet and fists, Charlie showed an early aptitude for boxing. He had his first pro bouts in Birmingham before moving to London to advance his career. Despite at the time scaling barely 147lbs, his exceptional speed and punch saw him trounce far heavier men. In the early 1880s, Mitchell won several competitions, including a heavyweight tournament organised by Billy Madden, former manager of Sullivan. Madden and Sullivan had fallen out and Billy had come to England to find a fighter who could whip his former charge. After Charlie won the competition, Madden took him on a fighting tour of England, after which the pair sailed to America.

As soon as he arrived, Mitchell challenged Sullivan and managed to secure a three-round trial bout with him at Madison Square Garden in May 1883. The Englishman conceded 40lbs, yet he managed to drop Sullivan in the first round – the first time he had been knocked off his feet. Enraged, Sullivan mercilessly pummelled his lean English rival until the bout’s termination in the third. They were booked to meet again a year later, but the fight fell through after Sullivan arrived at the venue drunk. He muttered a rambling apology to the crowd before staggering away.


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